Oscar Florianus Bluemner
The son and grandson of architects, Bluemner was born in Hanover, Germany, in 1867, and was encouraged to follow in his family’s trade. He showed early promise as an artist as well, and his first one-man show of portraits was held at the Berlin Latin School in 1886. He traveled between Europe and America and was relatively successful.
Bluemner was fascinated with the formal, emotional, and spiritual qualities of strong color. He dubbed himself the “Vermillionaire” in reference to his reliance on bright red hues for his houses and barns. He explored his color theories in angular, brightly colored landscapes, abstracted from nature. As his career progressed, Bluemner found inspiration in classical music and Freudian concepts of the subconscious. His late compositions in oil or casein, on which he often bestowed titles alluding to music, became more abstract, displaying heightened emotional content, simplified masses, and pulsating color.
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